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Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is an atomic emission spectroscopy technique that uses a high energy laser pulse as the excitation source. The laser atomizes and excites a small amount of material from the sample’s surface (nanogram to picogram quantities), forming a plasma plume that emits light at frequencies characteristic to the elements present in the sample. LIBS is a surface interrogation technique and therefore may not detect species present in the interior of a sample unless the sample is homogenized prior to analysis. The sensitivity of LIBS is in the ppm range, analysis time is essentially real-time, no sample preparation is typically required (unless homogenation is desired), and the technique is considered non-destructive.